Types of Motherboard


More or less, the motherboard structure factor shows the shape and size details of the board. The structure factor likewise decides extra boundaries like the packaging, power supply, mounting openings, and generally speaking actual format. Asus Desktop Motherboard AMD has the highest demanding Motherboard in the market. It is durable, reliable, and more workable with Asus Desktop.


The principal structure factor traces all the way back to 1983. Around then, IBM fabricated the PC XT and since the structure factor specs were open, numerous producers utilized it as a true norm.

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Today the innovation scene has changed. The first motherboard XT structure factor developed to 40 distinct structures, all digressing from the customary PC use case. IBM is not, at this point the most well-known motherboard developer, there are different makers like Intel, ASUS, VIA, ABIT, and that’s just the beginning. There are motherboards worked for implanted frameworks, rackmount workers, mobiles, media focuses, vehicles, and then some.

Anyway, What is the Motherboard Form Factor?

The motherboard is the fundamental segment, in view of its capacity, of the inward design, everything being equal. Chiefly liable for the collaboration of the multitude of components of the PC, like the CPU, RAM, stockpiling, designs card, I/O, among others.

It is critical to perceive its abilities, restrictions just as the fundamental highlights it contains so as not to subdue the capability of some other piece inside the PC. Another key component is the structure factor (outside actual size and shape) which additionally ought to be considered for the PC application as indicated by the field where it’ll be utilized.

Motherboards are constantly portrayed by their chipset, sort of processor attachment, and their structure factor.


Coming up next is an image showing the main Motherboard Components. The motherboard in the image is the K7VT4A PRO and its parts are:

  • Computer chip and CPU attachment.
  • Smash, DRAM, and RAM openings.
  • ATX power supply.
  • IDE Connectors
  • Northbridge and southbridge.
  • AGP Slot
  • PCI Slots.
  • CMOS Backup Battery

Incorporated connectors for peripherals like USB, mouse, console, show, sound, Ethernet, and so forth

Sorts of Motherboard Form Factors

Structure Factor ATX (Advanced Technology Extended)

Planned as an advancement of the Baby AT structure factor, ATX marks a significant change in the engineering of the motherboard and different parts, for example, the bureau and the force supply.

Inside the motherboard there are huge changes like the area of the CPU attachment, which is presently positioned close to the force supply, consequently permitting the progression of air brought about by the fanatic of the source and not to be meddled with by any component as it occurred with the innovation Baby AT.

Another change was the association between the wellspring of the feed. Which is presently a solitary connector, not at all like the AT which were two. Probably the main upgrades for ATX and advantages are:


  • Coordinated info and yield ports
  • Openings of development without impedance
  • Start Control by programming
  • 3 Vol. from the source (lessens equipment cost, energy utilization, and warmth)
  • A superior wind current
  • Less impedance and admittance to drive coves.


The ATX motherboard measurements are 12 × 13 in. A variety of the ATX is the Mini ATX, which is basically a decreased size rendition of ATX yet more diminished regarding its shape, its estimations are 11.2 × 8.2 inches.

This structure factor is the most utilized today, particularly on personal computers, and after this innovation was delivered a few different components were dependent on it. For example, the Mini-ITX, Mini-ATX, Micro-ATX, Nano ITX, and Pico-ITX.

  • Miniature ATX

It is an advancement of ATX. Its measures are 9.6 × 9.6 inches. The Micro-ATX underpins up to four extension openings that can join uninhibitedly with ISA, PCI, PCI/ISA shared, and AGP. Mounting openings transformed from the Standard ATX, since the estimations are extraordinary, however, they are additionally viable with most ATX cupboards.

This kind of motherboard structure factor upholds both Intel and AMD processors. It is ordinarily utilized on Small Form Factor Desktop Computers.


  • Smaller than usual ITX

Smaller than usual ITX is a low-power utilization motherboard arrangement of 6.7 × 6.7 inches. Its measurements are the most trademark factor of this sort of structure factor. Albeit this sort of motherboard was planned with the point of enabling groups of low utilization, at present, there are no restrictions and they have developed by goliath steps regarding benefits.

Since the Mini-ITX was presented they have extended altogether sorts of uses, because of their open standard factor. Smaller than normal ITX is a standard configuration for a wide range of gear, for example, vehicle-installed PCs, modern applications, and IoT. The Mini-ITX is the primary standard arrangement of decreased configuration that is promoted, arriving at a wide range of ventures and any hardware where it very well might be fundamental.


  • Nano-ITX

The Nano-ITX is another kind of motherboard structure factor, that estimates 4.7 × 4.7 in. Nano-ITX is a completely coordinated sheet intended to devour extremely low force. This kind of motherboard can be utilized in numerous applications, yet it was extraordinarily intended for keen amusement, as PVRs, media focuses, savvy TVs, in-vehicle gadgets, and that’s just the beginning.


  • Pico-ITX

The Pico-ITX is the littlest sort of motherboard structure factor in this rundown. Its estimations are 3.9 × 2.8 in and it is 75% more modest than the Mini-ITX. This motherboard was planned and created by VIA, to open up development for more modest and more astute IoT gadgets.


The Pico-ITX with an x86-based-stage and low-power utilization board is an incredible decision for installed frameworks applications, like modern mechanization, in-vehicle PCs, advanced signage, and then some.


Structure Factors and Some of Their Applications


  • In-Vehicle Computers

Because of its truly decreased organization, yet amazing execution, the Mini-ITX frameworks can be introduced in vehicles’ diminished spaces to impart constant following and observing frameworks.

An illustration of a Mini-ITX arrangement is Lanner’s V3G, which is a tough fanless vehicle PC. V3G is controlled by the new age 14 nm Intel® Atom™ x7-E3950 SoC (earlier Apollo Lake). This processor devours a low volume of force and offers execution updates from the past age of Atom processors, improved for vehicle registering applications.

Since remote organization availability is perhaps the most basic necessities, the V3G offers 2 x smaller than usual PCIe attachments with a swappable SIM space supporting 3G/4G/LTE cell correspondences. Moreover, the reduced framework accompanies worked in GPS for routes and different receiving wires I/Os for broadened gatherings.

As an in-vehicle PC, V3G brags a plenitude I/O fringe availability including 2 x sequential COM ports, 2 x video yield by DVI-D, USB, and Digital I/O ports, and 2 x RJ-45 LAN ports to work with different parts and subsystems in reinforced vehicles. For capacity, V3G comes in SATA/mSATA stockpiling choices.

Lanner’s V3G is an extraordinary arrangement for this situation because of its guaranteed LTE remote availability and Military-grade toughness.


  • IoT Devices

Keen LED road enlightenment has been embraced by different city governments around the world, as the beginning stage for IoT-based keen city foundation. Since the road lighting framework as of now exists, numerous city organizers accept shrewd lighting as the chance to empower their IoT establishment by combining sensors, remote correspondence focuses, and open-interface innovations. To work with entire these components at an outside climate, the prerequisites that ought to be considered are bountiful I/O ports, LTE network, Wide Operating Temperature, and (obviously) being a decreased structure factor

One illustration of IoTs road brightening arrangement is Lanner’s LEC-3030T, a minimal correspondence white-box IIoT door to satisfy the needs for savvy LED road lighting. The door is truly planned in a minimized structure factor and fanless warm component to meet the outside setting. Since outrageous temperature is an expected test in an outside application, LEC-3030T can withstand a wide scope of working temperatures, from as low as – 40°C to as high as 70°C.

As far as the exhibition, the LEC-3030T is enabled by Intel Atom E3815 processor and DDR3L at 1,333 MHz SO-DIMM memory up to 4GB to adequately perform information assortment, examination and move in a start to finish application. Working as the IoT door for streetlights, LEC-3030T flaunts a plenitude of I/O connectors, for example, VGA show, sequential COM ports (with RS-232/422/485 and ESD/flood security), computerized I/O connector, RJ-45 LAN ports, and USB ports to oblige different sensors and meters related with the organization.

These are just two superb instances of the advantages of a PC decreasing structure factor inclination which gives incredible advantages in space and cost. We have explored the diverse structure factors as well as figured out how the structure factor empowers PC applications in various businesses.


Last Words

With the ascent of millions of various IoT gadgets and implanted frameworks, motherboard configuration is developing quickly. Sizes are changing, and frames are getting more versatile in every application.

The size of a gadget relies upon the size of the motherboard. A smartwatch will require a very surprising structure factor than a modern IoT gadget. So the structure factor turns into an essential trademark when constructing the gadget.

The structure factor decides the determinations on how a motherboard is worked, from the size, shape, packaging, power supply, mounting openings, and the general format.

The most well-known structure factor is ATX, which developed to small-scale ATX, nano-ATX, pico-ATX, and further. An alternate sort of structure factor, and more modest than the ATX is the ITX, which is essentially more modest than the miniature ATX. The ITX structure factor can likewise be found as nano-ITX, pico-ITX, portable ITX, and then some.



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